Electrocardiography (EKG) and Echocardiography (ECG) are in a way similar test which are painless, non invasive tests used for the evaluation and functioning of the heart. These diagnostic tests are usually carried by the physician performed by a technician or by the physician himself after which the test results are interpreted. Both ECG/EKG tests do not require initial preparation and do not carry any risks for the patient. Echocardiogram is also known as an ultrasound scan of the heart, sonar of the heart or an echo. The echo is used to diagnose heart valve disorders, enlargement or thickening of the heart muscle, coronary artery disease. An ECG helps to diagnose and monitor specific heart conditions by checking the structure of the heart and surrounding blood vessels, interpreting how blood flows through them and assessing the pumping chambers of the heart. Abnormalities can often be seen on an ECG like an abnormal heart rhythm (arrhythmia) an inadequate supply of blood and oxygen to the heart (ischemia), and previous heart attack (myocardial infarction), excessive thickening (hypertrophy) of the heart's muscular walls.
Related Societies: Canadian Association of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation | European Society of Cardiology | British Cardiovascular Society | World Heart Federation | British Association for Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation | World Heart Failure Society | Austrian Heart Foundation