Cardiovascular surgery / Cardiac surgery is a surgery on the heart or great vessels which is carried by cardiac surgeons. It is often used to treat ischemic Heart disease to correct congenital heart disease or to treat valvular heart disease from various causes including atherosclerosis, endocarditis and rheumatic heart disease. It also includes heart transplantation. The advancement of cardiac surgery and cardiopulmonary bypass techniques has greatly deduced the mortality rates of these procedures. At present the repairs of congenital heart defects are currently estimated to have 4–6% mortality rates. Traditional heart surgery also called as openheart surgery which is done by opening the chest wall to operate the heart. A major effect with cardiac surgery is neurological damage. Another type of heart surgery is known as beating heart surgery or off pump. The results of heart surgery in adults are perfect. Cardiac surgery can reduce symptoms and improve the quality of life. There is evidence that quitting smoking for at least a month prior to the surgery may reduce the risk of postoperative complications.
Related Societies: The American Society for Preventive Cardiology |American Society of Nuclear Cardiology |American Heart Association | American Stroke Association | Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions | Arizona Society of Echocardiography | Brazilian Society of Cardiology | Heart Failure Society of America